Re-posting my Thanksgiving blogs to help you have a more relaxed, happy Thanksgiving. Enjoy!
THREE GREAT TIPS FOR MAKING YOUR THANKSGIVING DAY MEAL LESS STRESSFUL
Let your Turkey rest (sit) before you carve it.
The general rule for all meat is to let it rest for one quarter of the time it cooked. So if you roast your turkey for 3 hours, let it sit at least 45 minutes before you carve it. Go ahead and put a loose tent of aluminum foil on the top. Letting the meat rest allows the juices to redistribute, making the turkey meat more moist. Don’t worry that the turkey isn’t HOT when you serve it. Just make sure it isn’t cold. Your gravy will be hot and your potatoes will be hot, not to mention other side dishes that are easy to serve hot. It is more important that the turkey is moist.
TIP NUMBER TWO:
Make your Mashed Potatoes ahead of time.
You can keep them warm over a bain-marie (double boiler). Go ahead boil the potatoes and mash them as you normally do. Season them and then place them in metal or ceramic bowl and place that bowl over a pot of just barely simmering water. Press some wax paper onto the potatoes to keep a crust from forming. I use a wooden spoon to prop the bowl a bit away from the edge of the pan allowing some of the steam to escape. Make sure you do not boil the water away so check it every once in a while depending on how far ahead you make the potatoes. You can easily make your potatoes 1-2 hours before you serve them. Just fluff them up a bit before you put them in the serving dish and set them on the table.
TIP NUMBER THREE:
Make your Gravy base ahead of time.
Make a roux. Take 3 tablespoons of butter or margarine and three tablespoons of all-purpose flour and put them in a nice heavy sauce pot. Heat them over medium heat and cook them stirring, until they get bubbly and hot; this is a roux. Add two cups of turkey or chicken stock and bring it all to a boil. This is called a velouté or brown sauce. Cook ten minutes or so until thickened.
This recipe can be doubled or tripled or even octupled and beyond. You can make this days ahead. Just before serving, bring it to a boil again and add the drippings from the roasted turkey. Adjust the seasonings with salt and pepper and there you have it, “instant” gravy.
In a nutshell:
Let your turkey rest before slicing it. Keep it just warm on a platter. Don’t try to keep it hot or you will dry it out.
Make your mashed potatoes ahead of time and keep them warm in a bowl over a pot of simmering water called a bain-marie.
Make a gravy base ahead of time and heat and add the drippings from the roasting pan to complete the gravy.
Plus, TIP #4: Don’t use cold plates! Take the chill off the plates by at least taking them out of the cupboard and placing them near the stove.
TURKEY BRINING & ROASTING 101
Here are some tips for cooking your Thanksgiving turkey.
Brining: One way to guarantee tender, moist turkey is to brine your turkey. Brining creates a succulent and savory meat that is moist and can be cooked perfectly. I use this ratio for my brine: 1/3 cup sugar and 1/3 cup table salt to ½ gallon water; then stir until it is all dissolved. You will want enough to cover the bird with the brine. Adjust the quantity using the same ratio. I have a chest cooler I use for brining, then I just bleach it out when I am done. To keep the bird safely cold while brining, I use half-gallon plastic jugs, filled with water and frozen. I put them in with the bird and brine. This is better than ice to keep the temp safe (below 40F) as it does not dilute the solution as it thaws, as blocks of ice would. I always have a variety of different size jugs sitting in my freezer. I brine my turkeys for about 12 hours. After the brining period, rinse the turkey well. I often do this in the same cooler so I don’t slop raw poultry liquid around the kitchen. Don’t salt the bird before you roast it. Remember it has been sitting in salt for about 12 hours. Only use the brine once as it loses its potency. (Dispose by pouring down the sink, and bleach sink afterwards.)
Flavoring: Now it is up to you to decide how to flavor the bird. I prefer turkey as-is. I may throw a little sage in the cavity and I definitely season the bird with freshly-cracked pepper, but I like the turkey to taste like turkey. The main reason for this is the leftovers. If you season the bird heavily and give it a pronounced taste (with herbs or citrus, etc.), you end up with leftover turkey that tastes just like that. Anything you make with the leftover meat will have that taste. Also, often on the Thanksgiving meal table, there is so much else going on flavor-wise. It is okay to let the taste of the turkey speak for itself.
Roasting: Preheat the oven to 425 F. Put the turkey breast-side-up in a roasting pan or any other pan that will collect the juices that escape from the turkey during the cooking process. Just remember when choosing the pan, you need to be able to take the pan out of the oven after the turkey is done cooking without pouring juice everywhere, so high sides are better. Place your bird in the oven and roast for 30-40 minutes until golden brown. Reduce the heat to 350 F and continue cooking until the temperature in the thickest part of the breast meat near the breast bone reaches 165 F, when checked with an instant-read thermometer. If the skin starts to get a little too dark for your liking, place a piece of tinfoil on top to protect it a little bit, deflecting the heat.
Dressing/Stuffing: I do not put dressing into my turkey. I roast my turkeys empty because it’s easier to cook the turkey to perfection. (By the time the stuffing is safely hot, the turkey will be over-cooked.) I prefer to make and cook dressing separately. But the topic of dressing is a whole other blog, too.
Letting the Meat Rest: After you have taken the turkey out of the oven, let it sit for one quarter of the time it has cooked. So if you cooked the turkey for three hours, let it sit for 45 minutes. This allows the muscle fibers a chance to relax, the juices a chance to redistribute from interior of the muscle where they were chased by the heat to the outside edges where they belong, making every bite of your bird juicy. I do not worry that the meat is not right-out-of-the-oven piping hot. I just don’t let it get really cold. I make sure the plates are warm, the gravy is piping hot and the mashed potatoes steam as they slide off the spoon onto your plate.
Carving: To carve the turkey (which I do in the kitchen), I begin by slicing each whole breast lobe away from the breastbone. Next I cut the thigh and leg away from the backbone, including the “oyster.” I cut apart the thigh and leg, and then cut the bone out of the thigh and remove any skin. Typically, I do not serve much of the skin attached to each piece, although I do include some on the platter so people who like it may take it. Once I have these nice pieces of meat I slice them thinly. I slice large pieces of the breast in half. The smaller pieces from the leg and thigh I leave whole, rather than making them look chopped. The goal is to allow people to take the amount they wish, which may be just a small piece.